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Asthma is a lung disorder in which a person is unable to breathe properly due to inflammation of air passages through which air flows from the nose to the lungs. It is a reversible narrowing of the air passages (bronchioles) which restrict the area of air inflow; as a result of this less amount of oxygen reaches to the lungs. The inflammation can be triggered by various allergens such as pollen grains, dust particles, mites or due to other factors such as stress, cold weather, exercise, smoking, allergy to a medicine and lots more. About 300 million people worldwide are suffering from asthma out of which about 22 million are Americans. This disease is highly prevalent among children but affects adults also. Asthma is a chronic condition and cannot be cured permanently. However by proper management and therapy the symptoms can be controlled in order to prevent an asthma attack.

Symptoms of Asthma

In asthma, mucus gets produced in the air passages and narrowing of bronchioles occurs as a result of inflammation or swelling. Symptoms during normal asthma do not affect routine activities severely. The common symptoms of asthma are:

1. Difficult breathing
2. Wheezing (a whistling sound during breathing)
3. Coughing (mainly during night and early morning)
4. Shortness of breath

These early signs of asthma should be managed and controlled in time so that in future attacks of asthma can be warded off.

Asthma attack or exacerbation of asthma

When the symptoms of asthma worsen, it results in asthma attack which is also called as exacerbation of asthma. Symptoms of an asthma attack develop due to sudden narrowing of the airways because of muscle tightening. Inflammation further constricts the air passages and mucus is produced which is more than that produced normally in asthma. All these physiological changes produce an asthma attack in which a person is not able to perform daily activities due to severe difficulty in breathing. Other symptoms are continued coughing, sweating, nails and lips turn blue, tightening of chest and neck, wheezing which is very severe, difficulty in speaking. This condition demands immediate medical treatment otherwise it can be fatal.

Types of Asthma

1. Allergic Asthma: It is the most common type of asthma highly prevalent among children. A substance known as allergen causes hypersensitivity of the respiratory system. Allergen can be a dust particle, pollen grains, fungi, smoke, animal dander, air pollution etc.; when theses allergens are inhaled they provoke the immune system of the body and an inflammatory process starts which results in the manifestation of asthma.
2. Exercise induced Asthma:It is a type of asthma in which the symptoms of asthma appear after 5 to 20 minutes of physical exercise. A prophylactic therapy is given to the patients prior to performing exercise so that the symptoms can be prevented.

  1. Cough variant Asthma: Dry cough is the main symptom of this type of asthma. These patients do not show other symptoms of asthma like wheezing or troubled breathing.

  2. Nocturnal Asthma: Symptoms of asthma arise only during the night that between midnight to 8’o clock in the morning. It is mainly due to production of mucus during night. Patients having this type of asthma do not exhibit any symptoms during daytime.

Treatment of Asthma

Asthma is a disease which cannot be eradicated but proper treatment can reduce the symptoms and minimize the chances of asthma attacks. Asthma therapy includes facets:

1. Long term management therapy: this therapy is employed for prophylaxis of asthma and as a controller for asthma symptoms. Inhaled corticosteroid can be used alone for a maintenance treatment of asthma by preventing the action of agents which causes inflammation. Long acting Beta agonists (LABA) are the drugs which relax the bronchial muscles and widen the airways. They are used in combination with corticosteroids in the inhaled form. The inhaler is used for administration of these medicines.
2. Quick relieving therapy: this therapy is employed as a rescue treatment for asthma. It includes short acting beta agonist which acts quickly and widens the airways to augment air inflow. These medicines are also used for exercise induced asthma and consumed prior to exercise.

Medicines used for asthma                        

1. Advair diskus
2. Pulmicort Respules/inhalers/rotacaps
3. Combivent inhaler/rotacaps
4. Foradil
5. Theoasthalin
6. Atrovent Respules
7. Ventolin inhaler

Most of the medicines used for asthma are for inhalation purpose. The exact procedure of using the inhaler should be followed in order to get maximum benefit by minimizing the side effects.

Our online pharmacy medsonline4u.co is catalogued with premium quality, cost efficient asthma medicines which are manufactured by renowned pharmaceutical companies. You can purchase the above mentioned medicines and lots more by placing your orders at www.medsonline4u.co